Pressure Wound Treatment in Waco, TX
What is a Pressure wound?
Pressure Wound Causes and Treatment in Waco, TX: A pressure wound is a break in the skin that occurs when the skin and underlying tissue are compressed. Pressure wounds can be either acute or chronic.
Acute pressure wounds develop over three to 10 days and damage the top layer of skin. Chronic pressure wounds take more than 21 days to develop and may go as deep as muscle, bone, or fat.
What are the stages of pressure wounds?
Pressure wounds can be categorized by their stage.
Stage 1 pressure wounds have redness and mild swelling on the surface of the skin.
Stage 2, redness, swelling, blistering, and tissue loss, occur.
In stage 3, there is further tissue damage, pain and inflammation, and blisters.
Stage 4 shows further damage with deep ulcers becoming infected if left untreated for a long period or if neglected for an extended period due to immobility or mobility issues due to age or disability.
What are the causes of pressure wounds?
A pressure wound is an injury to the skin and soft tissue caused by unrelieved or intermittent pressure on the skin. The most common causes of pressure wounds are:
- Increasing age
- Decreased mobility
- Decreased nutritional status
- Skin breakdown, also known as maceration or damage and inflammation (an immune system response to an injury)
- Infection, which can be bacterial or viral, fungal, parasitic, or inflammatory
Diagnosis of Pressure Wound
Pressure wounds are commonly associated with skin injury and soft tissue damage. Some pressure wounds may have an open wound that can become infected, while others may have a closed wound that can be more difficult to diagnose.
Clinicians should be aware of the signs and symptoms of a pressure wound:
- Changes in the color of affected skin compared to surrounding healthy skin
- Swelling or blisters overlying reddened areas on the skin surface
- Warmth or heat emanating from an area where there’s no underlying infection present
Methods of Pressure Wound Treatment in Waco, TX
A pressure wound treatment is by removing the source of pressure, cleaning and debriding the wound, applying a dressing, monitoring for signs of infection, and then dressing with a pressure ulcer dressing or compression dressing.
1. Remove the source of pressure
The first step in treating a pressure wound is to remove any objects that are putting pressure on it.
Pressure wounds require daily cleaning to remove excess exudate, sloughing of skin, and dead tissue. Clean the wound bed with a sterile gauze sponge.
The wound can be cleaned with normal saline and then dried thoroughly. The pressure wound can then be debrided to healthy tissue with no bleeding.
4. Applying a dressing
Applying a dressing as a primary pressure wound treatment. If the dressing is left in the area too long, it can cause the wound to get infected – and/or the dressing can get stuck to the wound, causing real problems. On the other hand, if you remove the dressing too early, the pressure wound can open up again, and you have to start the process all over again.
How Do You Prevent a Pressure Ulcer?
A pressure ulcer results from pressure on the skin and underlying tissue, which causes damage to body tissues. It can be caused by physical & emotional stress or a combination of these factors.
To prevent pressure ulcers, it’s important that everyone on your healthcare team knows what they’re doing and follows the same procedures. To do this:
- Everyone must know how to recognize signs and symptoms of pressure ulcers so they can be treated early.
- Everyone should follow the same steps when caring for people who are at risk of developing pressure ulcers
- This includes keeping the patient clean and dry at all times; turning them every two hours; using special pads or cushions under their bodies when they’re resting in bed or sitting up;
- And monitoring them for any changes in their health status that might affect their ability to move around safely; addressing any issues promptly with your doctor if needed.
How does a pressure wound start?
A pressure wound is an area of damaged skin that develops due to pressure or shear. Examples include:
- Immobility, such as bedridden patients (e.g., those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
- Skin flexion, such as sitting in a wheelchair or lying for a long time
- Pressure from clothing, such as tight jeans and elastic waistbands
Is pressure wound painful?
While pressure sores are not painful when they first occur, the surrounding tissue can become tender and sore. The area of skin that has been contrived may also be itchy or painful to the touch.
What are the long-term consequences of a pressure wound?
- Wound breakdown
- Loss of function
What are the three most common early signs of pressure wound damage?
The three most common early signs of pressure wound damage are:
- Skin becomes red and shiny.
- Skin becomes warm and tender to the touch.
- Skin becomes painful.
Who is at risk of pressure wounds?
The following people are at risk of developing pressure wounds:
- Elderly people
- People who are bedridden, paraplegic, or paralyzed
- Stroke patients with paralysis or muscle weakness in the lower body
- Multiple sclerosis patients with paralysis or muscle weakness in the lower body
- Parkinson’s disease patients with paralysis or muscle weakness in the lower body
- Diabetic foot ulcers and non-healing skin wounds caused by poor circulation or peripheral neuropathy
Pressure sores can also develop after prolonged sitting on hard surfaces such as metal chairs. They may become infected and take longer to heal if blood flow is restricted because of obesity, kidney failure, liver failure, and diabetes mellitus type 2.
What are nursing interventions for pressure wounds?
- Assess the wound and surrounding skin. The nurse should assess for signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, and pain around the injury. If there is a risk of infection or signs at the wound site, the nurse may prescribe antibiotics to prevent it from getting worse.
- Assess mobility and ability to move. A patient with a pressure wound may have difficulty moving due to pain in their area of injury or because they have lost muscle mass throughout their body due to immobility.
- Assess nutritional status. A patient who is malnourished has fewer stores of fat and muscle tissue than someone who is not malnourished; this means that they cannot sustain themselves under conditions where food isn’t readily available.
To prevent malnutrition from worsening health outcomes for patients with pressure wounds, a nurse should continue checking on how much nutrition they get through meals or supplements provided by healthcare professionals.
The best way to avoid pressure wounds is through prevention. Preventive measures include observing signs of skin breakdown, keeping a clean incontinent area, providing proper nutrition and hydration, and ensuring that the patient has plenty of exercise and rest.
The best doctor to get Pressure wound Treatment in Waco, TX
If you are looking for a great doctor to get pressure wound treatment in Waco, TX, you should check out Waco Heart and Vascular. Dr.Nicole Reid is an expert in this field and can help you get the treatment you need.